European Commission

Press release

Brussels, 21 March 2013

Renewable Energy: Commission refers Poland and Cyprus to Court for failing to transpose EU rules

The European Commission is referring Poland and Cyprus to the Court of Justice of the European Union for failing to transpose the Renewable Energy Directive. The Directive aims at ensuring a 20% share of renewable energy in the EU by 2020. The Directive had to be transposed by the Member States by 5 December 2010.

"We are committed to reaching our energy and climate targets by 2020. To this end the enforcement of the renewable energy legislation in all the Member States is vital. Renewables are a solution to global climate change, European economic growth, and security of supply issues," said Commissioner Oettinger, the EU Energy Commissioner.

For Poland, the Commission proposes a daily penalty of €133228,80. For Cyprus, the Commission proposes a daily penalty of €11404,80.

The penalties proposed take into account the duration and the gravity of the infringement. In case of an affirmative judgement of the Court, the daily penalty is to be paid from the date of the judgment until the transposition is completed. The final amount of the daily penalties will be decided by the Court.

The Commission has addressed the issue of non-transposition of the Directive by sending a letter of formal notice to Poland in January 2011 and to Cyprus in November 2011. A reasoned opinion was sent to Poland in March 2012 and to Cyprus in June 2012. Despite these proceedings, transposition is still pending in these Member States.

The Commission is also examining the situation in other Member States to which it has addressed letters of formal notice and/or reasoned opinions for failing to transpose the Renewable Energy Directive. Therefore, today's Commission action might be complemented by further referrals to the Court over the next months.


The EU has committed itself to reach a 20% share of renewable energy in final energy consumption and to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 20% as compared to 1990 levels by 2020. The Renewable Energy Directive includes key provisions for achieving these objectives, particularly setting individual targets for the overall share of renewable energy in each Member State's energy consumption and rules on grid access for electricity from renewable energy sources. For the transport sector, the Directive sets for all Member States a target of 10% share of renewable energy. Where biofuels are used to achieve this target, these must meet a set of sustainability requirements. This means that biofuels cannot be produced from areas which have a high biodiversity value, such as protected areas, or from areas that store a high amount of carbon, such as forests or peat lands. Biofuels also have to save considerably more greenhouse gas emissions than fossil fuels.

Under the Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 1 December 2009, if Member States fail to transpose EU legislation into national law within the required deadline, the Commission may ask the Court to impose financial sanctions when referring the case to court.

The daily penalty payment is calculated based on a formula, where the following elements are multiplied:

  • seriousness factor

  • duration of the infringement

  • "n" factor (which varies between Member States and takes into account their GDP)

  • flat-rate amount, which currently is set at €640 per day.

More information

The Renewable Energy Directive can be consulted here.

Commission web page on renewable energy:

Current figures on infringements in general can be found at:

On the March infringement package decisions, see MEMO/13/261.

On the general infringement procedure, see MEMO/12/12.

Contacts :

Nicole Bockstaller (+32 2 295 25 89)

Marlene Holzner (+32 2 296 01 96)

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